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Chartbook on Work and Disability

Section 3: Factors Related to Work Disability

3.6. How does work disability differ by gender?

There is little difference in the percentage of working-age men and women with a work disability. The 8.3 million men with a work disability make up 9.8% of the male population age 16 - 64. The 8.9 million women with a work disability comprise 9.9% of the working-age female population.

The rate of severe work disability is nearly the same for men and women -- 6.5% or 5.5 million men and 6.6% or 5.8 million women.

Do not compare these data to earlier data as the question asked in the CPS was rephrased in 1994. This has resulted in more people with a work disability being identified, and particularly increases the numbers in the 35-44 and 45-54 year age groups.

Men and women have similar rates of work disability at all ages.

Age
Groups
Men Women Total
Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number
16-24 4.1% 675,000 4.2% 693,000 4.1% 1,368,000
25-34 5.1% 987,000 5.8% 1,144,000 5.5% 2,131,000
35-44 9.3% 2,029,000 9.0% 2,006,000 9.1% 4,035,000
45-54 12.8% 2,123,000 13.5% 2,365,000 13.2% 4,488,000
55-64 23.2% 2,477,000 23.0% 2,659,000 23.1% 5,136,000
Total 9.8% 8,291,000 10.1% 8,867,000 9.9% 17,157,000

Table 4: Percentage and number with work disability, by gender and age group, 16-64 years

Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census Website, Table 198.
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/disable/cps/cps198.html

Surveys: CPS, 1998.

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