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Chartbook on Work and Disability

Section 3: Factors Related to Work Disability

3.5. How is work limitation associated with race and ethnicity?

The NHIS collects information on race and ethnicity. In the working-age population 18 to 69, Native Americans report the highest percentage of limitation in work due to chronic conditions -- 17.3% or 262,000 people. Blacks (non-Hispanics) also have a high rate of limitation -- 14.4% or 2.7 million people. Asian Americans reported the lowest levels of limitation -- 5.7% or 311,000 persons. While white non-Hispanics reported work limitations of 11.6% or 14,261,000 people, white Hispanics reported 9.6% or 996,000 people and black Hispanics reported 15.7% or 60,000. These varying rates may be related to cultural and geographical as well as demographic distinctions.

Native Americans report the highest rates of work limitation.

Bar graph showing rates of work limitation by ethnic group.

Figure 18: Percentage with work limitation, by racial or ethnic group

Source: LaPlante & Carlson (1996), Table 2.

Surveys: NHIS, 1992.

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