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Section 3: Factors Related to Work Disability

3.3. What is the trend in occupational illness and injury?

Occupational injuries and illnesses also contribute to work disability. Over the past twenty years, the number of reported occupational injuries and illnesses generally has decreased, but the impact of these injuries and illnesses has increased greatly. In 1972, for every 100 full-time workers there were 10.9 occupational injuries or illnesses reported. By 1994, the incidence rate had dropped to 8.4 per 100 workers.

Interestingly, while the incidence rate of reported occupational injuries and illnesses dropped, from 1972 to 1991 the lost workdays per 100 workers increased from 47.9 to 86.5.

The effect of occupational illnesses and injuries has increased from 1972 to 1991.

Line graph showing the number of lost workdays per 100 full-time workers and the total cases per 100 full-time workers, from 1972-1994.

Figure 16: Reported cases of occupational illness and injury and lost workdays, per 100 full-time workers, 1972-1994

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Safety and Health Statistics.

Surveys: ASOII, 1972-1994.

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