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Chartbook on Work and Disability

Section 2: Work Disability and the Labor Force

2.3. Does labor force participation of people with a work disability differ by gender?

In general, more men than women participate in the labor force, and this is true for people with and without work disabilities. For both men and women, labor force participation is much lower among those with a work disability. In 1998, among working age men (16 to 64 years), only 32.3% of men with a work disability (2.7 million) were in the work force, compared to 89.1% of men with no work disability (68.2 million). Similarly, only 28.5% of women with a work disability (2.5 million) participate in the labor force, compared to 75.8% of women with no work disability (59.7 million).

For both men and women, work disability dramatically lowers labor force participation rates.

Bar graph showing labor force participation rates for men and women with or without work disabilities.

Figure 8: Percentage in labor force, by work disability status and gender, 16-64 years

Source: US Bureau of the Census Website, Table 298.
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/disable/cps/cps298.html

Surveys: CPS, 1998.

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