Section 3: Women: Disability, work, income and benefits
3.9. Are there gender differences in people served by Vocational Rehabilitation?
The federal-state Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) program provides services for people with disabilities to assist in obtaining employment. The program served more than 1.2 million people in 1996. People with severe disabilities represented more than three-quarters of this group, 950,097 people or 77.5% of the total number of people served.
Women represented only 43.9% of the 589,472 cases closed in 1996. In that year, 213,790 people successfully competed their VR services with employment outcome, finding work in a variety of jobs. Of those whose cases were closed with employment outcome, 96,319 (45.1%) were women and 117,471 (54.9%) were men. Women also were less frequently represented among the cases that were closed because they were found to be not eligible after application to VR, as well as cases that were closed with the status of "no employment outcome." Further research is needed to better understand these gender differences.
Among Vocational Rehabilitation cases closed in 1996, fewer women had received services.
Figure 18: Number of Vocational Rehabilitation cases closed, by type of closure and gender
>Survey: Rehabilitation Services Administration Program Data, FY1996.