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Chartbook on Women and Disability

Section 2: Children and youth with disability

This section reports on the prevalence and causes of disability among children and youth. Section 2 also presents information on special education programs for girls and boys with disabilities. In addition, this section describes gender differences in rates of receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI).

A review of the literature reveals that relatively little has been written on gender differences among children with disabilities, or about the specific needs of girls with disabilities. More information is becoming available as researchers publish analyses of the National Health Interview Survey on Disability (NHIS-D), 1994-95, which included a number of specific questions about children with disabilities.

Topic Questions:

2.1. Are there gender differences in the prevalence of disability among children?

2.2. What are the conditions that cause activity limitations in girls and boys?

2.3. Over the past two decades, has enrollment in federally funded special education changed in relation to total public school enrollment?

2.4. Do girls and boys have different rates of participation in special education?

2.5. Do more girls or boys receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI)?