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Chartbook on Women and Disability

Section 2: Children and youth with disability

2.2. What are the conditions that cause activity limitations in girls and boys?

Together, seven conditions account for more than two-thirds (68.6%) of the main conditions that cause activity limitations among children under 18 years. These conditions, shown in the chart below, include respiratory diseases (mainly asthma), mental retardation, mental disorders, speech impairments, nervous system diseases, hearing impairments, and orthopedic impairments.

Boys have higher rates of mental disorders and speech impairments, and slightly higher rates of respiratory diseases and mental retardation. In contrast, girls show higher rates of nervous system diseases, hearing impairments, and orthopedic impairments.

Respiratory diseases (primarily asthma) account for one-quarter of the main conditions that cause activity limitations among children.

Horizontal bar chart. Go to Data Table for Figure 7 for the data values shown in this chart.

Figure 7: Activity-limiting main conditions with highest prevalence for children under 18, by gender

Data Table for Figure 7

Source: LaPlante & Carlson (1996), Table 6a, pp. 95-104.

Surveys: NHIS, 1992

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