Section 4: Access, utilization, and cost of services
4.8. What percentage of Independent Living Centers serves people with a primary disability of mental illness?
Most Independent Living Centers (ILCs) provide some level of service to people who identify mental illness as their primary disability. In 1992, 86.1% of independent living centers reported serving people with a primary disability of mental illness, and this estimate increased to 94.8% in a 1995 follow-up survey.
During the same time period, ILCs reported an increase in the extent to which their centers had high involvement in mental health issues, from 28.8% of centers in 1992 to 41.7% of centers in 1995. High involvement ILCs met one or more of the following criteria: (1) the ILC reported that 20% or more consumers had a primary disability of mental illness; (2) the ILC served 100 or more consumers with a primary disability of mental ilness; (3) the ILC directly provided mental health services; and/or (4) the ILC named mental health issues as one of its top three program priorities.
Most Independent Living Centers provide services to people with mental illness as primary disability.
Figure 28: Percentage of Independent Living Centers providing services to people with a primary disability of mental illness, 1992 and 1995
Source: Benjamin, Stoddard, Jans, & Douglass (1997); Jans, Benjamin, Douglass, & Stoddard (1995)